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Male body dysmorphia

Unveiling the Hidden Struggles

male body dysmorphia

When the term ‘body dysmorphia’ is mentioned, the mind often leaps to images of underweight women, battling against anorexia or bulimia. However, it’s crucial to understand that body image disorders are not restricted to a specific gender. A frequently overlooked form is male body dysmorphia, a mental health issue that has continued to rise over the last few decades. This article delves deep into understanding male body dysmorphia, its causes, impacts, and potential paths to recovery.

Understanding Male Body Dysmorphia

Male body dysmorphia, sometimes known as bigorexia or muscle dysmorphia, is a subtype of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) that primarily affects men. It is characterized by a preoccupation with perceived inadequacy in muscularity, size, and general body form. Men suffering from this condition often see themselves as small and weak, despite being of average or even above-average muscularity.

The societal emphasis on the ‘ideal’ male body – muscular, broad-shouldered, and lean – plays a significant role in fostering this disorder. Media representations and societal pressures can lead to a distorted self-perception and an obsessive pursuit of a perfect physique, which is often unrealistic and unattainable.

The Impact of Male Body Dysmorphia

Psychological Impact: Male body dysmorphia is more than just a dissatisfaction with one’s appearance. It is a mental health disorder that can lead to extreme psychological distress. The constant feeling of inadequacy can result in severe anxiety, social isolation, low self-esteem, and even depression. In extreme cases, these feelings can lead to suicidal thoughts and behaviors.

Physical Impact: The obsession with achieving an ideal body can push men into risky behaviors, including excessive exercising, unhealthy dieting, and the use of anabolic steroids or other performance-enhancing substances. These behaviors can lead to various physical health problems, such as heart conditions, kidney damage, liver problems, and other serious health issues.

Social and Professional Impact: The overwhelming preoccupation with body image can also impact social relationships and professional life. Men with body dysmorphia often avoid social situations where their bodies might be exposed or compared, leading to isolation. In a professional context, their focus on appearance and time consumed by exercise and diet regimes can impact productivity and performance.

Recognizing Male Body Dysmorphia

Identifying male body dysmorphia can be challenging due to the societal norm of men being reluctant to discuss body image issues or seek help. However, there are several signs that might indicate the presence of this disorder. These include an excessive preoccupation with appearance, engaging in repetitive behaviors (like mirror checking), extreme workout routines, restrictive dieting, and misuse of supplements or steroids.

Addressing the Stigma

Breaking the silence surrounding male body dysmorphia is the first step towards its eradication. Acknowledging that men can also struggle with body image issues can help dismantle the toxic masculinity norms that discourage men from discussing their struggles. As society becomes more open to these conversations, men will feel less isolated and more inclined to seek help.

Seeking Professional Help

Professional assistance is crucial for anyone dealing with male body dysmorphia. This could include psychologists, psychiatrists, or therapists specializing in body image issues and eating disorders. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is often the most effective treatment, helping individuals to recognize and challenge their distorted self-perception.

Pharmacological treatments, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), have also proven to be beneficial in some cases, especially when body dysmorphia is accompanied by anxiety or depression.

Peer and Family Support

The role of family and friends cannot be underestimated in aiding recovery. A strong support network can provide emotional support, help in identifying triggering situations, and assist in motivating the individual throughout the therapeutic process.

Physical Health and Wellness

While professional help addresses the psychological aspects of male body dysmorphia, it’s also crucial to incorporate physical wellness into the recovery journey. This includes establishing healthy exercise routines and nutrition plans, ensuring that individuals take care of their bodies in a balanced, respectful manner.

Online Support and Resources

Online communities, blogs, and resources can provide support and information for those grappling with body dysmorphia. Websites and social media platforms host a wealth of information on understanding the disorder, tips for self-care, and strategies for coping. Hearing others’ stories can be therapeutic and give individuals a sense of community and understanding.

Self-Care and Compassion

The journey to recovery from male body dysmorphia also involves cultivating self-compassion. It is about learning to respect, appreciate, and nurture one’s body, recognizing that everyone is unique and there is no ‘perfect’ body type. Mindfulness practices can also be beneficial, promoting a sense of presence and acceptance.

Practicing Mindfulness

Mindfulness meditation has emerged as a powerful tool for combating body dysmorphia. By focusing on the present moment, individuals can learn to observe their thoughts and feelings without judgment. This allows them to recognize negative self-perceptions and to develop healthier relationships with their bodies.

Media Literacy

Media literacy can also help individuals recognize and resist harmful beauty standards. Learning to question media messages and understanding the reality behind photoshopped images can lessen the influence of unrealistic body ideals.

Resilience and Hope

Recovery from male body dysmorphia is a journey. There will be setbacks and challenges, but every step towards healing counts. It’s important to remember that progress is not linear and that seeking help is not a sign of weakness but rather a testament to strength and resilience.

The healing journey might be long, but it is filled with growth and self-discovery. With the right resources, support, and mindset, it is possible to overcome body dysmorphia and to build a healthier, more loving relationship with oneself.

A Call to Society

Addressing male body dysmorphia is not just an individual responsibility—it’s a societal one. Society as a whole needs to break away from harmful beauty standards and stereotypes that contribute to body dissatisfaction. By promoting body diversity and acceptance, we can create a more inclusive and compassionate society.


Male body dysmorphia is a serious issue that warrants attention. With an increase in societal understanding and individual self-awareness, men suffering from this condition can find the help they need. It’s a challenging journey, but with professional support, a loving community, and individual resilience, anyone can overcome body dysmorphia and start celebrating their bodies for the marvels they truly are.

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Written by Anna

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